The basic rationale for personal development can be understood from the necessity to understand one’s own human needs, collectively with spiritual, emotional and social development, because a failure to understand this about one’s own self is unthinkable if trying to understand and relate to different human beings in any meaningful way.
A person’s development will be perceived in many alternative ways; as an example as in Freud’s Psychosexual Development Theory (Marshall, 2004) which appears to be like at levels of sexual development and the frustrations connected to each stage, or Havighurst’s Developmental Stages (Sugarman, 1986) and Tasks which identifies:
Tasks that arise from physical maturation
Tasks that come up from personal values
Tasks which have their source in the pressures of society
or via Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs(Maslow, 1998).
Or indeed via any of the opposite strategies and theories that have been developed, and which may be studied and associated to the needs of a counsellor in training,e.g.:
Erikson’s Phases of Psychosocial Development Concept
Piaget’s Phases of Cognitive Development
Kohlberg’s Phases of Moral Development
Gilligan’s Idea of Ethical Development
Which is to name but a couple of, and some of which will imply more to one person than to another.
What’s really essential is the core condition of recognising ourselves and others as human beings with developmental needs and developmental constructs, the understanding of which is paramount to enabling a real understanding of the human development processes and the necessities crucial with a purpose to work towards living a contented and fulfilled existence for ourselves, and for partaking meaningfully with others working towards the same.
An individual’s choices are sometimes influenced by social construction, by adapting our personality to fit in with the expectations of mates, household and employers; whilst in relation to another particular person we might act in response to our own unconscious and emotionally fuelled expectations. The person we are depends upon our life experiences and feedback from others about how we inter-relate with those people with whom we come into contact, as well as the physical, cultural and spiritual worlds in which we discover ourselves. If we’re to be able to narrate to others whose personal assemble and developmental processes that have led to what they’ve develop into with any real empathy and congruence, we must first understand our own construct. In taking responsibility for studying about our own emotional and social actions, understanding and development, we act authentically; however allowing our social assemble to make choices for us may very well be seen as acting un-authentically.
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Wants takes a premise that after probably the most primary human needs are met it becomes possible to progress via successively more advanced levels of need, to culminate in ‘self actualisation’. If we engage in exploring this process we permit ourselves the opportunity to develop a relationship with one’s self which leads to and enables the establishment of a more understanding relationship with others.
This hierarchy of wants is predicated on a ‘Humanistic’ approach and the idea of ‘self actualisation’ as described by Carl Rogers, who confused that self-awareness of the particular person, on a acutely aware degree, is the most important way to work in understanding behaviour by making reference to the interior framework (Rogers, 1961).
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